Krakow Aerobiological Monitoring Station
Dpt of Clinical and Environmental Allergology
31-531 Kraków, Śniadeckich 10
Phone/fax: +48 12 423 11 22; Phone: +48 12 424 88 89
Contact person: Dorota Myszkowska DSc
e-mail: dmyszkow@cm-uj.krakow.pl


Consecutive pollen monitoring in Krakow has been performed since 1991. Presently pollen monitoring is carried out in the Aerobiological Monitoring Station located in the Department of Clinical and Environmental Allergology,Medical College. The Lanzoni trap is installed on the roof of the Śniadeckich Collegium about 20 m above ground level and pollen grain counting is performed according to the method recommended by IAA.
Aerobiological monitoring in Krakow is performed during the whole year and pollen grains of about 50 pollen taxa are recognized. Additionally, fungal spores of Alternaria and Cladosporium are counted. For scientific purposes the other fungal spores are monitored: Didymella, Botrytis, Ganoderma, Epicoccum.

The weekly pollen reports for Malopolska region are available on Internet:
www.krakow.pios.gov.pl
www.ptzca.pl
www.toksy-alergo.cm-uj.krakow.pl

Scientific profile of the Station:
  • regular pollen and fungal spores monitoring (more than 50 plant taxa, 15 fungal types including Alternaria and Cladosporium

  • practical application of pollen concentration of allergenic plants in medical practice (pollen reports, individual pollen traps in the nearest vicinity of the patients, dependence of allergy symptoms on pollen concentration, pollen allergens in the air)

  • the influence of pollution on the pollen grains

  • organization of the annual conferences “Days of Pollen Allergy” -
    www.dap.cm-uj.krakow.pl.

Co-operation:
  • Dpt of Palebotany Institute of Botany Jagiellonian University

  • Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection. On the Inspectorate internet page www.krakow.pios.gov.pl pollen reports and information for patients are presented regularly in Polish and English

  • Department of Climatology, Jagiellonian University, the very important fact is that the meteorological station is located in the immediate neighbourhood of the monitoring site. The meteorological station has been performing detailed measurements and observation from 1792.



Short history:
In 1939 professor Mieczysław Obtułowicz, Nestor of the Polish allergology, presented in: About pollen rhinitis, first calendars of flowering and pollination of allergenic plants in the area of Krakow. In 1960 the study of fungal spore concentrations started in Cracow and Rabka Spa (A. Weiss).
The aerobiological observation started anew at Krystyna Obtułowicz, allergologist, suggestion. In 1982 Kazimierz Szczepanek (Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University) initiated aeropalynological analyses, using the gravimetric method, in several sites in Cracow and in the nearest neighbourhood.
Further studies were associated with several elements, especially with further close co-operation between allergologists (K. Obtułowicz) and palynologists (K. Szczepanek, K. Harmata).
At that time the co-operation with professor Siwert Nilsson in Palinologiska Laboratoriet in Stockholm, the then leading monitoring center in Europe, came into existence. In 1986 professor Nilsson visited Krakow, in 1987 professor Obtułowicz was trained in Stockholm and in 1990 she participated in the 4th International Congress on Aerobiology in Stockholm presenting preliminary aerobiological results. These events marked the way of the aerobiology development in Krakow. The aerobiological station in Krakow received the first Burkard trap from professor Nilsson which enabled introduction of the volumetric method in our studies.